Tuscany now has 10 provinces: Arezzo, Florence, Grosseto, Livorno, Lucca, Massa-Carrara, Pisa, Pistoia, Prato and Siena. However, the regions can be described differently due to their geographic nature.
There is the Arno basin with the Arno river at its centre; the river stretches for 240 km (149 miles) and is the major Tuscan river.
The Apuan Alps are located north of the Arno river and are the home of the famous white Carrara marble. At the foot of these mountains, lies the lovely sandy shoreline of the Versilia, with Forte dei Marmi the most popular resort.
The picturesque landscape for which Tuscany is world famous, lies in the Florentine countryside and Chianti district. Olive groves, vineyards, cypress trees and corn fields adorn the beautiful rolling hills. Fortified villages, majestic villas and farmhouses silhouette against the clear blue skies.
South of Tuscany rise the Chianti hills, extending between the main Siena road and the Autostrada ‘del Sole’, which runs the length of Italy. This area is characterized by clay soil, home to the highly revered Chianti wines.
The hills south of Chianti are rather bare and have a pale golden soil. This is a quiet pastoral landscape with Siena at its midst.
The Maremma is on the southern boundary of Tuscany, against the border with Lazio, where there are the first volcanic mountains of central Italy.
12 km (8 miles) from Florence and just in the Chianti Classico wine zone, the town of Impruneta deserves a visit by anyone interested in the plastic arts. Impruneta is the home of Tuscan terracotta and, increasingly, of hand-painted ceramics.
Impruneta, with its 15000 inhabitants, is also the location of one of the most famous basilicas in Tuscany: the Sanctuary of Santa Maria, dating back to 1060 and immortalized by Jacques Callot. Callot’s engraving of the piazza in front of the basilica was created in 1620 and illustrates the famous Fiera di San Luca (Fair of St. Luke) that continues to this day.
In Impruneta, there are grocery stores, bakeries, shops, restaurants, fresh fruit and vegetable stands, ATM, gas station, tennis courts, horse back riding club, golf club, bus service to Florence.